Nano-and Micro- Device Engineering

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Nano-and micro-devices are the technological core of the current computer and communications revolution. Since the invention of the transistor in 1947 and the introduction of the integrated circuit  in the early 1960’s the component transistors have decreased in size at an exponential rate. This has led to the on-chip device density and speed of operation to increase at a similar rate of growth. While the next few generational developments are under development, limits of current technology are evident and new solutions will need to be found for computing power to continue to increase.

Research in the Department includes developing novel materials using laser ablation techniques particularly for high temperature superconductors that may have application in future systems. Also being studied are MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) devices which are miniature mechanical objects that can be fabricated using the well-established tools used to manufacture modern integrated circuits. It is now possible to make mechanical objects as small as the component transistors in an integrated circuit, now well below 1 µm (1 millionth of a meter). MEMS systems are being designed and fabricated for integration with III-V, lithium niobate and silicon photonic platforms to create new optoelectronic devices, optical sources and sensitive sensors for a wide range of applications. Novel micro-fluidic devices are also being developed for integration with lab-on-a-chip systems.

Below is a linked list to the faculty involved in the Nano- and Micro-Device Engineering area in the Department.

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